Poverty eradication programme in India
▪️ What is Poverty?
It refers to the state of deprivation in which a person is unable to fulfil his basic needs like food, clothes, housing, etc.
▪️ Poverty in India:-
In India, Poverty is still a major challenge. It has around 86 million people living in extreme poverty.
➡️In 1999-2000, 26% population were living below the poverty line. It declined to 21.9% in 2011-12.
➡️In 2005-2006, 54.7% population were living below the poverty line. It declined to 27.9% in 2015-16.
- So today let’s overview in short poverty eradication programme in India.
▪️ Urban and Rural Poverty in India:-
➡️Urban Poor- It includes those people who have migrated from the rural areas in search of jobs or employment opportunities.
➡️Rural Poor- It includes poor people who reside in village-like landless agricultural workers, farmers and small landholdings, etc.
▪️ How to eradicate poverty in India?
1. GDP growth- When the pace of GDP growth is accelerated, new employment opportunities will be generated.
2. Population Control- If the growth rate of the population is moderated, then per capita GDP will be increased.
3. Agriculture- To remove poverty, it should be mechanised and modernised, small farmers should be given financial help and landless farmers should be given land.
4. Price Stability- If the price continues to rise, the standard of living of poor people will continue to deteriorate.
5. Focus on Backward areas- Government should provide special concessions and facilities to backward areas like Odhisha, Nagaland, UP, and Bihar.
▪️ List of the Poverty eradication programme in India:-
(i.) Food for Work Programme
(ii.) Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana
(iii.) Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana
(iv.) National Rural Livelihood Mission
(v.) Sampoorna Gramin Rojgar Yojana
(vi.) Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
(vii.) Rural Employment Generation Programme
▪️ States which has more Poverty:-
a. Chhattisgarh is the highest poorest state in India with 39.93% of people living below
a. Chhattisgarh is the highest poorest state in India with 39.93% of people living below the poverty line.
b. Jharkhand is the second-highest poorest state in India with 36.96%.
c. 33.7% of the population of Bihar, 32.6% of Odhisha, 31.7% of MP, and 29.4%of UP population is to be living below the poverty line.
d. In Haryana 11.2% and In Rajasthan 14.7% of the population is living below the poverty line.
e. In Punjab, only 8.3% population is below the poverty line.
▪️Poverty programme in 2020-21:-
1. Wage Employment Programme
2. Self Employment Programme
3. Food Security Programme
4. Social Security Programme
5. Skill India Programme for Employment
▪️ Causes of Poverty:-
A. Low rate of GDP growth
B. Population tends to rise
C. Chronic Unemployment
D. Lack of Infrastructure facilities
E. Outdated Technology
The lasting solution to the problem of poverty in India is to generate more and more employment opportunities because when the people are employed then they rise their living standard of life. this was all about the poverty eradication programme in India.