Types of forest in India:-
Forests are an important vital part of everyone life as it provides many resources to us, which we used from thousands of years freely.
India has a total geographical area of about 32 lakh sq km in which forests in India cover about 7,12,249 sq km (2019), which is increased compared to the 2017 Figure where it was just 7,08,273.
According to Forest Policy, Act (1952) appro 33 % area should be under forest, were in India there is only 21.67 % area under it. Aloe vera is also found in large quantities in India, learn about aloe vera benefits here.
What is Forest? ✌✌✌
Who is Forest Minister of India? ???
Prakash Javadekar is the Forest Minister of India in 2021
Forest Area in India can be classified into 4 types:-
1) Scrub:- This has less tree growth and the tree canopy is less than 10 %.
The geographical area covered by scrub is about 46000 sq km which is 1.40 % of the total area.
2) Open Forest:- Medium tree growth and tree canopy density is between 10 – 40 %. The geographical area covered by it is 3,01,800 sq km and percentage-wise it is 9.20 %.
3) Moderately Dense:- Good tree growth is there with a high-density canopy between 40 – 70 %. It is mostly found in Ghats. The total area geographical-wise covered is 3,08,318 sq km and percentage-wise it is 9.40 %.
4) Very Dense:- High growth rate mostly evergreen forest with canopy density of 70 % and more. It is mostly found in hilly areas. The total area geographical-wise covered is 98,158 sq km and percentage-wise it is 3 %.
If we overview through area wise Madhya Pradesh ranks at the top while Arunachal Pradesh and Chattisgarh at 2nd and 3rd respectively.
Percentage-wise Mizoram ranks at the top and 2nd is Arunachal Pradesh.
Let’s now see the largest forest in India and state-wise Indian Forest Information. (Statewise forest cover in India)
1) Andra Pradesh:-
Total area :- 162,968
Forest Area :- 28,147 ( 17.27 %)
2) Arunchal Pradesh :-
Total area :- 83,743
Forest Area :- 66,964 ( 80 %)
3) Assam :-
Total area :- 78,438
Forest Area :- 28,105 ( 35.83 %)
Total area :- 94,163
Forest Area :- 7,299 (7.75 %)
5) Chattisgarh :-
Total area :- 135,192
Forest Area :- 55,547 ( 41 %)
Total area :- 1,483
Forest Area :- 192 ( 13 %)
7) Goa :-
Total area :- 3,702
Forest Area :- 2,229 ( 60.21 %)
Total area :- 196,244
Forest Area :- 14,757 (7.52 %)
Total area :- 44,212
Forest Area :- 1,588 ( 3.59 %)
10) Himachal Pradesh:-
Total area :- 55,673
Forest Area :- 15,100 (27.12 %)
11) Jammu and Kashmir:-
Total area :- 222,236
Forest Area :- 23,241 (10.46 %)
Total area :- 79,716
Forest Area :- 23,553 (29.55 %)
Total area :- 191,791
Forest Area :- 37,550 (19.58 %)
14) Kerala :-
Total area :- 38,852
Forest Area :- 20,321 ( 52.30 %)
15) Madhya Pradesh:-
Total area :- 308,252 ???
Forest Area :- 77,414 ( 25.11 %)
Total area :- 307,713
Forest Area :- 50,682 (16.47 %)
17) Manipur :-
Total area :- 22,327
Forest Area :- 17,346 ( 77.69 %)
Total area :- 22,429
Forest Area :- 17,146 (76.67 %)
Total area :- 21,081
Forest Area :- 18,186 (86.27 %)
Total area :- 16,579
Forest Area :- 12,489 (75.33 %)
21) Odisha :-
Total area :- 155,707
Forest Area :- 51,345 (33 %)
Total area :- 50,362
Forest Area :- 1,837 (3.65 %)
Total area :- 342,239
Forest Area :- 16,572 (4.84 %)
Total area :- 7096
Forest Area :- 3344 (47.14 %)
25 ) Tamil Nadu:-
Total area :- 130,060
Forest Area :- 26,281 (20.21 %)
Total area :- 112077
Forest Area :- 20419 (18.22 %)
Total area :- 10486
Forest Area :- 7726 (73.68 %)
28) Uttar Pradesh:-
Total area :- 240,928
Forest area :- 14,679 (6.09%)
Total area :- 53,483
Forest Area :- 24,295 ( 45.43 %)
30) West Bengal:-
Total area :- 88,752
Forest Area :- 16,847 (19 %)
Which state has the lowest forest area in India:-
Areawise state:- Haryana
Areawise UT:- Daman & Diu
H.G.Champion (1936) classified forests into Various Types, they are as follows:- (Different types of forest)
1) Tropical Evergreen Forests:-
They are also known as a rain forest. The height of the trees is 60 ft and above. Rainfall is about 200 cm. Trees are evergreen till last as there is monsoon for last time.
Eg. Rosewood, Ebony.
There is no fixed time to shed their lives. Sunlight doesn’t enter the forest due to its high density. They are tall, straight, and form canopy.
Most wild animals are found here. Found in mainly North East and the Western Ghats. Also, they are found in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
2) Tropical Deciduous Forests:-
It is also known as “Monsoon Forests“. Eg. Teak, Sal and Sandalwood e.t.c
Rainfall is between 70 – 200 cm. Trees shed their leaves in the Dry Season from (March to May).
Trees are below 60 ft. Soil found here is Alluvial, Black, and Red. These are found where there is moderate rainfall. We can find here teak trees too.
3) Thorn Forests:-
Also known as “Dry Forests“. They are mainly found in Rajasthan.
Mainly Cactus and date are grown here. Below 70 cm rainfall is there and long roots are there for absorbing water and short leaves.
Shrubs and grasses are the main characteristics here. Varieties are neem, cactus, babul, and date palm. Tusky grass is grown with a height of 2 m.
4) Mangroves Forests:-
Excessive rainfall takes place and is mainly found in Sundarban Delta.
“Sundari trees” are grown mainly. Found in Ganga – Brahmaputra Delta. E.g Coconut.
It is mostly found in river deltas and along the coastline. It has a mixture of freshwater and saline water.
Sundarbans are the largest mangroves in World. It is located in Ganges deltas in West Bengal and Bangladesh. It also has breathing roots.
5) Mountainous Forests:-
It is mainly used for making paper. Found in hilly areas of Jammu and Kashmir.
E.g Pine & deodar
Trees are between the height of 1000 m – 3500 m and above. Coniferous (Pine and deodar) and Alpine are part of it.
6) Alpine Forests:-
Height is basically about 3000 to 4000. Tribes like Gujjars and Bakarwals follow it. It is covered mostly in the Himalayan region.
Importance of Forest:-
Father of Forest in India:-
Which is the best forest in India?
Types of montane forest in India:-
Types of protected forest in India:-
Forests Laws in India:- ??
This was all about “Types of forest in India“. Here we discussed man-made forests, Forests in India, Classification on basis of density, and 5 types of forests in India.
Geographical area state-wise and the percentage is also revised hope you all students got this. If anything is left let me in the comments section.