Elephant reserves in India
- Elephants are the largest mammal on the earth. They have massive bodies, large ears, and long trunks. They’re intelligent and family-oriented with great memories.???
- They are an extremely popular tourist attraction in many countries. Primarily, Three species of elephants are recognized; the Asian elephants, the African bush elephants, and the African forest elephants.
- Their body mass is about from 4000kg to 6000kg, for Asian elephant: 4000kg, African bush elephant: 6000kg African forest elephants: 2700 kg. Unfortunately, Their population has been declined since 1986.
- The Asian elephant has been listed as Endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN) Red List. There are two primary reasons for threatening them; the major reason is that they are poached for their ivory tusks that are used for many reasons and costly. ???
The second reason is that due to the increasing population and for human development, forests are cutting day by day, therefore, they are losing their habitat. To protect their government launched Project Elephant and made reserves.
How many elephant reserves in India?
There are 30 elephant reserves in India. According to AR by the Ministry of Environment, Climate and Forest Change presently the Project is being implemented in 22 States/UTs, viz. Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Andaman & Nicobar, Bihar, Punjab, Gujarat and Haryana (where an elephant rescue center has been set up supported by Project Elephant) AR 2020-2021.
Last year, the Maharashtra government announced Tillari forest as a conservation elephant and Tiger reserve.????
List of famous elephant reserves in India
There are many famous elephant reserves in India. Predominantly, Mysore reserve, in Karnataka, has the highest population 4,452 followed by Nilgiri reserve in Tamilnadu has 2,862 population and Kaziranga – Karbi Anglong in Assam and Shivalik reserve in Uttarakhand that consist of 1,940 and 1,610 population of elephants respectively. ❤❤❤
How many elephants are there in India today?
It is disappointing to learn that today only about 29,964 elephants in India are listed endangered as per 2019 data of the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List (IUCN).
World Elephant Day
- World Elephant Day is celebrated on August 12, annually. It was co-founded by Canadian Patricia Sims and the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation of Thailand, an initiative of HM Queen Sirikit of Thailand. Since that time, Patricia Sims has continued to lead World Elephant Day.
- Last year, On this date 2020, Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar took measures to curb the conflicts between humans and elephants and highlighted “Hathi mere Sathi”.
- The main purpose is to educate the people that elephants have deep emotions like us. They also have their family. To raise awareness and prevent poaching of the elephant for ivory besides, they face mistreatment in captivity, therefore, the event is held every year. ✌✌✌
Which State has the highest no. of elephants?
Karnataka is the only state that has the highest no. of elephants almost 6,049 found in the Mysore elephant reserve.
Which state has the lowest no. of elephants in India?
There are seven elephants found in Madhya Pradesh and Mizoram while Maharashtra, is the least state, which has found only six elephants.??
Which is the largest elephant reserve in India?
Mysore reserve, which was established in 2002, in Karnataka having 6,724 KM2 with a population of 4,452.
Which is the smallest Elephant reserve in India?
Intanki reserves were established in 2005, Nagaland. The area is 202 km2 where the number of elephants consists of about 30.
Which is the latest elephant reserve in India?
Singphan wildlife sanctuary, latest elephant reserve is located in Mon district of Nagaland and area is about 5825 acres. ?
First elephant reserves in India
Singhbhum Elephant Reserve of Jharkhand is the first reserve that was established in 2001. The area is 4530km2 and the population is 371.
Steps were taken by Modi Govt to increase Elephant reserves
Modi administration took many initiatives to protect the natural habitants of wild animals under act Wildlife Protect Act 1972.
Their safety is to improve and to create infrastructure for the welfare of elephants including in domestic use and their veterinary care. Annual Report 2021 released by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, focus on resolving the issues of the Human-Elephant corridor. ??
Elephant Protection Act
- The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, clearly lays down the laws that protect the elephants in India. It was amended in 2002 and banned the sale of captive elephants and registered with the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State.
- The Forest Department has the authority to prevent the elephants from abusing and illegal trade of elephants. Section 9 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 talks about the prohibition of hunting of the animals listed under Schedule I, II, III, IV. The elephants are a protected species under Schedule Ist
Short Note about Project Elephant
Project elephant launched in 1992 by the Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forest to support financially and technically to major elephant range states in the country. It was brought out as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
- To secure elephants, their habitats & corridors
- Mitigate issues of man-animal conflict
- Safety of Captive Elephant.??
To Sum up, 400 people and 50 elephants are killed in India every year. Elephants are the only largest animal on the earth. To protect them is not only government but also the citizens’ responsibility.
It can be done to educated people from the village and If state governments develop electronic databases on human-elephant conflict, the government and civil society can target interventions to places where elephants are troubling communities.
Elephants need extensive land areas to survive and meet their ecological needs, which include food, water, and space. On average, an elephant can feed up to 18 hours and consume hundreds of pounds of plant matter in a single day.
As a result, as they lose habitat, they often come into conflict with people in competition for resources. Not to riding on them for our amusement they can be prevented from hurting.