All Prime Ministers of India



                  India is the world's largest parliamentary democracy. In the system, the office of the PM is the most important office. The office represents the voice of the people of a democracy.


  This article will shed light on the PMs to date with facts about them and about the office of PM itself. Let's start with the list of all the Prime Ministers of India to date.


1. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru [1889-1964]


He was the first PM of independent India. He became PM from 15th Aug 1947 to 27th May 1964 for 4 continuous terms, making him the longest-serving PM. He was elected by Indian National Congress


He was called Chacha Nehru. He overlooked the country's state reorganisation. He had a leading role in NAM. Also, his terms saw 3 five years plans. The first two plan helped the country in development.


He led the foundation of steels plants, IITs and many important organization.✔✔✔


He is also known best for Language-based states and goa liberalisation. He was the one who made a controversial 370 article. 


His most known speech is the one delivered on the night of our independence "Tryst with Destiny". His tenure witnessed the Sino Indian war of 1962.


all prime ministers of india
Credit:- commons.wikimedia.org 



2. Gulzarilal Nanda [1898-1998]



He was the acting PM twice after the unfortunate demises of Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru and Lal Bahadur Shastri. He was PM in 1964 and 1966 respectively.

Both the terms ended after INC elected new PMs. The two terms were sensitive due to strained relations after wars with China and Pakistan respectively.


3. Lal Bahadur Shastri [ 1904-1966]


He got elected by INC from 9th June 1964 to 11th June 1966. 


His term witnesses the growth of the White and Green Revolution.


He gave the slogan "Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan". During his term, the India Pakistan war happened in which the Indian came out victorious. His death is still a mystery and has been an inspiration to various documentaries. 


He was one of the most humble PMs India ever had seen. He was one who didn't fear the USA in the 1965 war.


This name is important when we go through the pm list of India. ✌✌✌✌


 4. Indira Gandhi [1917-1984]


The second-longest-serving PM also got elected by INC. She was PM for 4 terms; among which 3 were continuous from 24th Jan 1966 to 24th March 1977 and later from 14th Jan 1980 to 31st Oct 1984.


 She was named Women of the millennium in 1999 by a poll elected by BBC.


Her term witnessed the emergency, blue star operation, the liberation of Bangladesh after another war with Pakistan.


Nationalization of banks was done by her two times.


She put forward the idea of Garibi Hatao. She welcomed the Japanese automobile company, Suzuki, to India. She has aptly titled the Iron-woman of India. Her cremation site is called Shakti Sthal. ☝☝☝


If you are a girl aspirant of UPSC, and if you till interview her question might be asked.

all prime ministers of india
1st Female PM of India


5. Morarji Ranchhodji Desai [1896-1995]


  He was elected by Janta Party from 24th March 1977 to 28th July 1979. He was the oldest man to have ever hold office at the age of 81. He laid the foundation of peace between India and Pakistan. He restored friendly relation with China too.


 His term saw the 1st nuclear test of India. He was honoured with Pakistan's highest civilian award of Nishan-e-Pakistan in 1990. 


Before becoming PM he was part of the Indian National Congress. He had fights with Kamaraj over making him PM after Nehru and Shastri. He is also one of the most controversial prime ministers of India. 


6. Chaudhary Charan Singh [1902-1987]


  He was elected by Janta Party from 28th July 1979 to 14th Jan 1980. He was also called "Champion of Indian peasants'". 


His birthday on 23rd Dec is celebrated as Kisan Diwas in India. His term was interrupted due to political discords within the party.


His govt was regarded as a Lame Duck. ✖✖✖


7. Rajiv Gandhi [1944-1991]


  He was elected by INC for 2 continuous terms from 31st Oct 1984 to 2nd Dec 1989. He became India's youngest PM at the age of 40. His 1st action was to pass the anti-defection law.


   The term witnessed the Sikh riots after the demise of his mother Indira Gandhi, the historical Shah Bano case, the Bhopal disaster, increased insurgency in northeast India and the Bofors scandal. 


The indo-Sino accord was signed during his term. MTNL and VSNL were developed.


He was a pilot and served in Indian Airlines.


8. Vishwanath Pratap Singh [1931-2008]


  He was elected by Janta Dal from 2nd Dec 1989 to 10th Nov 1990. His term witnessed crisis like ousting of the Kashmiri Hindus and a hostage militant exchange. He on the other hand successfully calmed the Sikh riots by visiting the Golden Temple. 


  The SC-ST act was amended to prevent the communities’ members from atrocities. Mandal report was implemented to strengthen the communities.


9. Chandra Shekhar [1927-2007]


  He was elected by Samajwadi Janta Party from 10th Nov 1990 to 21st June 1991. He was 1st Indian PM to had never held any government office.


  The government was unable to pass the budget. World Bank and IMF stopped their funding. The crisis was worsened by the Indian Economic Crisis,1991 and the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi.

 

10. Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao [1921-2004]


  He was elected by INC from 21st June 1991 to 16th May 1996. He was the 1st PM from South India. He was referred to as "Father of Indian Economic Reforms". ☉☉☉


   He launched globalisation and implemented IMF's recommendations to rescue the then bankrupt country.


  He was also called Chanakya for getting majority support in Parliament and implementing major economic policies even when it had a minority government.


 He opened gates for FDI, privatised the public sector, reformed the capital market and deregulated domestic business. He launched the Look East policy. He energised the Nuclear security and ballistic missile programme of India.


He along with Manmohan Singh introduced the LPG plan. It led the country to another level in development terms.


11. Atal Bihari Vajpayee [1924-2018]


 Elected by Bhartiya Janta Party for 3 terms from 16th May 1996 to 1st June 1996, 19th March 1998 to 22nd May 2004.


 He was the 1st Indian PM who was not from INC and served a full term. 


His term witnessed 5 successful underground nuclear test in Pokhran, Rajasthan. He began a push for the full-scale diplomatic peace process with Pakistan and even started the Delhi Lahore bus service known as Sada-e-Sarhad. 


The PM's tenure witnessed a crisis of the Parliament attack which led to the Kargil war, the Ayodhya standoff and the 2002 Gujarat violence.


 His term also saw economic reforms with industrial infrastructure development and expansion of high tech IT services.


He gave the slogan Jai Jawan, Jai Kisaan , Jai Vigyan. ☀☀☀

all prime ministers of india
Source:- flickr.com


12. Haradanahalli Doddegowda Deve Gowda [1933-alive]


  He was elected by Janta Dal from 1st June 1996 to 21st April 1997. He was credited for providing financial closure and kick-starting the development of the Delhi Metro project.


13. Inder Kumar Gujral [1919-2002]


  He was elected by Janta Dal from 21st April 1997 to 19th March 1998. He gave the Gujral Doctrine of 5 principles to guide India's relations with its immediate neighbours.


He was a member of the Quit India movement in 1942. 


14. Manmohan Singh [1932-Alive]


  He was elected by INC for 2 continuous terms from 22nd May 2004 to 26th May 2014. He was an accomplished economist. 


Under him, India became the 2nd fastest-growing major economy and achieved the highest GDP growth of 9%. He enacted MGNREGA in 2005 and later NHRM.


  He continued the Golden Quadrilateral and highway modernisation programme under Vajpayee's government. He introduced VAT


He introduced RTI, continued Sarva Siksha Abhiyan and opened 8 new IITs. His term witnessed the Mumbai Terror attack on 26th Nov 2008.


He was also the 15th governor of RBI.


15. Narendra Damodardas Modi [1950-Alive]


  He is the current PM of India elected by the Bhartiya Janta Party. He has been in office for 2 continuous terms from 26th May 2014. He became the 1st PM to born after independence


He replaced the Finance Commission with NITI Aayog and introduced the GST regime. He went ahead with trying to make India a manufacturing hub and putting forward the ideas of Swacch Bharat Abhiyan, Digital India programme, Make in India and Skill India.


The government has been criticised for encroaching privatisation and increased FDI limits. He has launched the New Health and Education Policies. 


The foreign are at an all-time high but the relation with our immediate neighbours have grown to be hostile and cold. The government have strong stances over the defence and environmental policy.


He made some bold decisions like the abolition of 370. Also, CAA and triple talaq were brought. He brought digital India and make in India which helped Indian become entrepreneurship.


This was the list of Prime ministers of India list from 1947 to 2021. We also mention the prime ministers of India with the photo.

 

FAQs


1. Current PM of India? 

Narendra Damodardas Modi


2. Salary of PM?  

200000 rs


3. 1st Female PM?

 Indira Gandhi


4. Number of PMs till now? 

14 (+1 acting PM)


 5. CMs which became PMs


   a. Morarji Desai who was CM of Bombay state during 1952-56.

   b. Charan Singh who was CM of undivided UP in 1967-68 and then in 1970    again.

   c. V.P. Singh who was CM of UP from 1980-82.

   d. P.V. Narsimha Rao was CM of Andhra Pradesh from 1971-73.

   e. H.D. Devegowda was CM of Karnataka from 1994-1996.

   f. Narender Modi was CM of Gujarat from 2001-14.


6. Longest duration of PM: Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru for 16 years, 286 days.

7. Shortest Duration of PM: Atal Bihari Vajpayee for 13 days though later he held the office for 6 years, 64 days. 


The overall shortest duration was of Charan Singh for 170 days.


8. PMs sharing birth date with Gandhiji: Lal Bahadur Shastri Ji.


9. Deputy PMs of India:


    a. Vallabhbhai Jhaberbhai Patel from 15th Aug,1947 to 15th Dec 1950.

    b. Morarji Rancchodji Desai from 31st March,1967 to 6 Dec,1969.

    c. Chaudhary Charan Singh from 24th Jan 1949 to 16th July 1979.

    d. Jagjivan Ram from 24th Jan 1979 to 28th July 1979.

    e. Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan from 28th July 1979 to 14th Jan 1980.

    f. Chaudhary Devi Lal for 2 terms from 2nd Dec 1989 to 1st Aug 1990 and from 10th Nov 1990 to 21st June 1991.

    g. Lal Krishna Advani from 5th Feb 2002 to 22nd May 2004.


10. Youngest PM of India: Rajiv Gandhi at the age of 40 years.


11. PM of India during an emergency: India has been under emergency thrice, the first two times when India was under war and thirdly on account of internal aggression. 


    a. Sino China War, 1962 : Jawahar Lal Nehru

    b. Indo Pak War, 1971: Indira Gandhi

    c. Internal disturbance, 1975: Indira Gandhi


12. Political Parties and PMs:


    a.  INC : 7 💢💢💢

    b. BJP : 2

    c. Janta Party : 2

    d. Janta Dal: 3

    e. Samajwadi Janta Party : 1


  • Prime Ministerial Office: Central Secretariat, Delhi

14th Prime Minister of India?

Narendra Modi.

Prime Minister of India in 1992?

P.V.Narshima Rao 

Conclusion:-

 The post of PM is the roots of our parliamentary system which holds the system together. All of our PMs drove our nation to new heights as per their abilities and contemporary challenges. Every PM has left an imprint on the history of India.


These was all about all prime ministers of India.


 The article above gave a quick peek into the tenure of these PMs and to the office of PM itself. 


This topic is more important in UPSC and Competitive exams. It has total current affairs and Indian polity and Indian history attached with it. 
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